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Holas Amigos of the coin collecting world. In the ongoing attempt to keep this coin
chatting board alive for awhile longer, Heron is very pleased to report number 278
of different issuing entities in Central & Ost Europa.
Number 278 was acquired through the fine venue of eBay. In addition, the delivery
from Latvia Heron considers very good. Ten days from order to receiving.
The seller estimated 10 to 20 days for delivery.
The place: Thorn [Deutsche] or Torun [Polish]. A coin issuing municipalidado.
The Coin: Silver Solidus - 14.5mm X 16mm dia. Yes, sorda egg-shaped and absolutely
hand held hammer struck. ha! Polish for Solidus is Szelag. Full date of 1666.
Obverse: A crown at 12 oclock. Monogram below is I C R intertwined. Dated 16 Monogram 66.
Reverse: Six pointed star at 12 oclock.
A short history:
1100 BC - First settlement remains have been found by archeogolists.
7th Through 13th Centuries location of Slavonic settlement at a
ford in the Rio Vistula.
1231 - Teutonic Knights establish a fort at this location.
1233 - Teutonic Knights Hermann von Salza & Hermann Balk signed the
city foundation charters. Upon reading those names, Heron thought
of totopos de maize with salsa whilst watching beisbol...!
1280 - Joined Hanseatic League.
1411 - Treaty signed, ending war between Poland-Lithuania & the Teutonic
1466- Second 'Peace of Thorn': Teutonic Order ceded control of western Prussia
to Poland. Thorn remained a 'free municipalidado' in Polish territory.
East Prussia remained as East Prussia, a Duchy.
1648 - Jan II Kazimierz became King of Poland. AKA Johann Casimir.
1668 - Jan II Kazimierz resigned as King of Poland.
Heron includes this information re Jan II because it helps explain the letters used in
the 'monogram' on the coin. The "I" for Jan and the ''C'' for Casimir.
There is mucho mas history after 1668. However, the coin is dated 1666 and that is
where this story ends for el Heron.
There was a Thorn Abbey in the eastern part of what is now der Niederlanden.
This is a different 'Thorn' from Thorn/Torun in Poland.
Famous person from Thorn was Nicolaus Copernicus. This was during the time when
the area was called 'Royal Prussia' or West Prussia.
The father of Nicolaus was recorded as "Niclas Koppernigk". Repeat "Koppernigk".
And now some info sources for those that demand such items:
A Brief History of Torun - Local Histories.org.
Torun History - wik.
Map of Thorn - yeahoo.
Poland: biographical history by Mieczyslaw Kasprzyk - conflicts.rem33.com.
Thorn Abbey Niederlanden - wik.
History of Poland - Encyclopaedia Britannica.
NGC world coins.
Catawiki coin information.
Medieval town of Torun - Unesco.org.
Yes, by moving the 'collecting' boundary a tad bit East is going to open up a
potential batch of collectibles for el Heron. And some interesting history also!
Always learning stuff whilst collecting coins. Fantastic hobby ey?